Transporting goods is essential to almost all economies. As goods travel through trucks, boats, trains and planes to reach their destination, a large amount of greenhouse gasses are released into the atmosphere. Since so many goods are shipped, the transportation of goods has a large carbon footprint. Switching transportation vehicles to low emission fuels, can lead to large reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and stay in line with the 1.5⁰C plan.
Reducing freight distances by avoiding unnecessary travel or finding shorter routes will help reduce the amount of greenhouse gasses emitted. Without changing to a clean fuel source, however, transportation of freight will still emit a large amount of greenhouse gas emissions. Also, the distance freight travels can only be reduced so much and, as a result, emissions can only be reduced by so much. Switching to clean powered transportation will allow for a large reduction of emission, despite the distance travelled.
Older vehicles do not run on clean energy and tend to be less efficient than newer vehicles. As a result, using old vehicles will not decrease emissions and are not in line with the 1.5⁰C plan.